Allah (swt) command: “O you who believe, Fasting is prescribed for you as it was prescribed for those before you so that you may achieve Taqwa (righteousness, God-fearing).” [Surat Al - Baqarah, (Verse 183) ]
Ramadan is the ninth month of the Islamic calendar and the holiest month in Islam. It is a month of obligatory fasting for physically healthy Muslims who have reached puberty. The fast begins from dawn until sunset for the entire month. During the fast one must refrain from eating, drinking, smoking, cursing, and intimate relations. During this month Muslims not only fast but also spend more time than previous months in prayer, recitation of the Holy Quran and constant self reflection.
After the month of Ramadan Muslim celebrate to mark the end of fasting and the holiday is called Eid ul-Fitr. During this holiday Muslims pray in congregation in the morning hours and then will visit their relatives and friends and give gifts.